Named after England's University of Cambridge and located in the Boston Metropolitan area, Cambridge is home to two of the most renowned universities in the world, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The city is the state's fifth most populated city with a population of 105, 162. Known as the "City of Squares," Cambridge's major commercial districts are arranged in squares created by important street intersections. The established squares include Central Square, Kendall Square, Porter Square, Harvard Square, Inman Square and Lechmere Square. The city's residential areas border these squares but are not arranged in the same way, and there are a number of residential housing options.
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The first settlement was created in Cambridge in 1631, and quickly after in 1836, it became the site for Newe College, which was originally founded to train the colonies' ministers. Established as an educational hub, the city is home to a range of recognized institutions of higher learning beyond Harvard and MIT. Other schools include Cambridge College, Cambridge School of Culinary Arts, Episcopal Divinity School, Hult International Business School, Lesley University, Longy School of Music, Le Cordon Bleu School College of Culinary Arts in Boston and the historical women's Radcliffe College. Out of the 780 Nobel Prize winners, at least 129 have had affiliation with the universities. The Cambridge Public School District has a number of elementary and upper schools that follow a vast range of educational philosophies and designs. Additionally, there are three public high schools available to students along with a variety of public charter schools. There is also a number of of reputable private institutions for school age children.
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In addition to its rich educational history, Cambridge boasts a number of cultural institutions. The city is home to a number of museums including the Harvard Art Museum, the Harvard Museum of Natural History, the Peabody Museum of Archeology and Ethnology, the Semitic Museum, the MIT Museum and the List Visual Arts Center. Additionally, there is a vast selection of displays of permanent public art that can be found throughout public grounds as well as at MIT and Harvard. The city's architecture is a display of artwork in and of itself and the city's buildings follow both historical and modern architectural styles and can be admired throughout the squares and neighborhoods across the city. Music is also a prominent activity on college campuses and at venues found across the city, and each offers a range of musical styles. With its rich educational and artistic history, Cambridge offers a vibrant place to call home.