Newport News is a large independent metropolis located on the eastern side of the state of Virginia and covers an enormous land area of 120 square miles. Colonial style condominiums, stately single-family or multiple-family homes, and spacious high-rise apartment buildings are some of the most popular housing structures in Newport News. Condo-sized living spaces that range in size from 600 to 2,500 square feet abound within the city, and fit into many different budget schemes.
As is the case with many cities, the Downtown area of Newport News is the anchor of the city, while the North End is a popular scenic and historical district that is located near the James River, and the northwestern side of the city is a primarily residential area with many high-end single-family homes. The Downtown and the City Center at Oyster Point are two epicenters of recent revitalization and new development within Newport News. A number of the most recognizable neighborhoods in the city include Brandon Heights, Morrison, Colony Pines, East End, Hilton Village, Port Warwick, Shore Park, and Village Green. While the East End of Newport News is located in the older port district of the city and has a diversity of options for a range of budgets, Morrison is a neighborhood of wide, tree-lined streets and quiet, affluent residential options.
Because of its location as a port city, shipping and shipbuilding are two of the city's major industries. Aerospace, the military, retail and commerce, education, government, medical sciences and healthcare, transportation, manufacturing, distribution, and professional and business services are also present. Newport News Shipbuilding is the largest employer in the city, with a workforce of over 15,000 employees, while Fort Eustis is the second largest employer in Newport News, and the Newport News School System ranks in third place. Other major organizations that employ many of the local residents include the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and CSX Transportation.