Known as "the Grand Canyon State" or "the Copper State," Arizona is a symbolic part of the western United States. Arizona is the sixth largest state in the country and is one of the four corners states. It has a diverse climate, with southern Arizona being made up of desert and northern Arizona having pine, spruce trees, and the Colorado Plateau. One of the most remarkable features of the state is undoubtedly the Grand Canyon. The most popular style of home is a 3-bedroom ranch style house.
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The state capital and largest city is Phoenix, which is the sixth most populous city nationwide. Phoenix is the center of the Phoenix metropolitan area which is also known as the Valley of the Sun and part of the Salt River Valley, which also includes the cities of Mesa, Chandle, and Scottsdale, among others. Around 1960, Phoenix became a popular tourist destination for its exotic desert and unusual recreational opportunities. The downtown area of Phoenix developed significantly in the 1970s and was the site of major construction activity. In 2000, the city adopted a plan that split the city into nine urban villages. Each has its own planning committee directly appointed by the city council with the hope of developing a unique identity for each village. Some of these villages include Ahwatukee Foothills, Alhambra, Camelback East, and Deer Valley. Arizona also has several other national monuments, forests, and national parks. One quarter of the state is dedicated to Indian reservations that are the home of several Native American tribes.